Treatment comparison

Explore treatment types or use the "compare" buttons to view methods side by side.

What is it?
How frequently is it given?
What are the main benefits of the treatment?
Very common side effects (more than 1 in 10 people may have one or more of these)
Will I have pain during or after the treatment?
Will I need to take time off work during or after my treatment?
Are there any special instructions I need to be aware of?
More information including the risks, impact and real stories
Watchful Waiting
Monitoring of prostate cancer with PSA testing and scans until it has spread outside of the prostate gland, causing bothersome symptoms or kidney problems.
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Active Surveillance
Monitoring of prostate cancer with a plan for regular PSA testing, MRI scans, and sometimes repeat biopsies.
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In radiotherapy (also known as external beam radiotherapy), high-energy X-ray beams are targeted at your prostate from outside of the body.
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Focal Therapy
Focal therapy only targets the area of the prostate that contains the most significant cancer. There are different types of focal therapy including HIFU, cryotherapy and nanoknife.
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Hormone Therapy (injections)
Injections that block or lower the amount of testosterone in the body. Also known as androgen deprivation therapy. For example leuprorelin (Prostap), goserelin (Zoladex), buserelin (Suprefact), triptorelin (Decapeptyl) or degarelix (Firmagon).
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Hormone Therapy (tablets)
Tablets that stop the body from making testosterone or prevent testosterone from reaching the prostate cancer cells. For example, enzalutamide (Xtandi), apalutamide (Erleada), darolutamide (Nubeqa), abiraterone acetate (Zytiga) and bicalutamide (Casodex).
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Anti-cancer drugs, often, but not always, given by a drip into your arm.
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A radioactive material injected into your arm to treat prostate cancer that has spread to the bones.
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